Home remedies

Fennel syrup - application, preparation and effects

Fennel syrup - application, preparation and effects

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Fennel syrup is also known as fennel honey and is known as a home remedy for use for mild complaints of the gastrointestinal tract and the respiratory tract. How the syrup can be made, what effects fennel has, how the syrup is to be used and who should not take it - you will learn all of this in the following lines.

Medicinal effects of fennel

Fennel was already known as a medicine in the Middle Ages. As a tea or mixed with alcohol, it was consumed as a digestive aid after a large meal. Fennel helps with gastrointestinal complaints, supports loss of appetite, is deflating and promotes gastric secretion. Furthermore, fennel is of great importance in respiratory diseases. It is expectorant for coughs and promotes expectoration.

Effect of honey and fennel

Honey has an antibacterial, antifungal and antioxidant effect and is therefore recommended as a simple home remedy for inflammation. When coughing, honey can relieve it somewhat, especially in the evening before going to sleep. Who does not know the old remedy of our grandmothers: "hot milk with honey". This is used for dry cough. Honey is just as helpful for people with uncomplicated gastrointestinal flu. In connection with fennel, as a so-called fennel syrup, it is a tasty and helpful home remedy for dry cough or cough with stuck mucus. Fennel syrup can also help with gastrointestinal complaints.

For whom honey is not suitable

Honey is not suitable for infants under the age of one. Consumption could have life-threatening consequences. Honey is a healthy natural product. However, it could contain bacteria that can be very dangerous for a baby. The most dangerous pathogen is the Clostridium botulinum. Even the smallest amounts can paralyze the baby's intestines. This is called infant botulism. The number of pathogens is completely harmless for adults. Fortunately, this disease occurs very rarely and affects infants only in the first year of life, especially in the first six months.

Fennel syrup recipes

Various recipes exist for the production of a fennel syrup.

Recipe number 1:

  • 25 grams of fennel are lightly pounded in a mortar. This is important so that the essential oil contained can escape and have its effect.
  • The pounded fennel is then boiled with half a liter of water. Then let it steep for a few minutes and strain.
  • When the whole thing has cooled down to around 45 degrees, it is mixed with 500 grams of honey - the fennel syrup is ready.
  • If you want a higher concentration of fennel, simply reduce the amount of honey.

Recipe number 2:

  • 20 to 25 grams of fennel are pounded in the mortar.
  • Add 200 grams of honey and pour the mixture into a screw-top jar.
  • Draw the whole thing for at least five days so that the essential oil passes into the honey.
  • Then the mass is filtered off with a fine sieve and the syrup is ready.

Recipe number 3:

  • Ten grams of crushed fennel seeds are briefly boiled together in a saucepan with 200 grams of honey (alternatives: cane sugar, birch sugar) and 200 milliliters of water.
  • The whole thing should then take another ten minutes and is then strained through a fine sieve.
  • The liquid comes back into the pot and is boiled down into syrup for at least half an hour and then poured into a clean, sealable bottle.
  • The now finished fennel syrup lasts a maximum of three months in the refrigerator.

Recipe number 4 - fennel enriched with thyme:

The preparation corresponds to recipe number 1. However, fennel (15g) and thyme (10g) are used together. Thyme works for both dry and productive coughs and additionally relieves the excruciating cough. Fennel, honey and thyme together are a recommended cough suppressant.

Buy fennel syrup

If you don't want to do the work, you can buy ready-made fennel syrup in the health food store or in the drugstore. Depending on the manufacturer, these contain different amounts of fennel oil. Fennel-thyme syrup is also available for purchase.


In the case of upper respiratory tract infections such as cough, sore throat or hoarseness, a teaspoon of fennel syrup is taken several times a day. Simply let it melt in your mouth or pour it into a cup of tea. If the cough is dry, the syrup can also be mixed with hot milk. But please - only with a dry cough. Milk is absolutely contraindicated in the formation of mucus, as this would aggravate the formation of mucus.

For gastrointestinal complaints, the fennel syrup does not have to melt in the mouth, but is swallowed immediately or taken in a little tea (for example chamomile tea). But as already mentioned - do not use in children under one year.

Beware of existing allergies

If there is already an allergy to mugwort and / or birch pollen, this is often associated with a celery allergy. This is called birch mugwort celery syndrome. In addition, those affected can have an allergic reaction to other umbelliferae such as anise, fennel, parsnips, cumin, lovage, sanica, chervil and wild carrot. Therefore, caution is required here. Such allergy sufferers should not consume fennel syrup. If hypersensitivity to daisies such as arnica, chamomile or calendula is known, fennel preparations should also be avoided, since cross-allergies may be present. (sw)

Author and source information

This text corresponds to the specifications of the medical literature, medical guidelines and current studies and has been checked by medical doctors.

Susanne Waschke, Barbara Schindewolf-Lensch


  • Jörg Grünwald, Christof Jänicke: Green pharmacy: With scientifically proven recommendations, Graefe and Unzer, 2015
  • Shamkant B. Badgujar, Vainav V. Patel, Atmaram H. Bandivdekar: Foeniculum vulgare Mill: A Review of Its Botany, Phytochemistry, Pharmacology, Contemporary Application, and Toxicology, 2014 (accessed 08/22/2019), Hindawi

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