DASH diet: strike out these five foods and stop serious heart diseases

DASH diet: strike out these five foods and stop serious heart diseases

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Better than medication: DASH diet protects against heart disease

A nutritional study that accompanied 4,500 people over the age of 13 showed that a certain diet could drastically reduce the risk of heart disease. In particular, people under the age of 75 were able to benefit from the so-called DASH diet, which is specially designed to reduce the risks of high blood pressure, increased blood sugar and heart failure.

A research team from the Wake Forest School of Medicine in North Carolina recently published the results of a long-term study that observed the eating habits of 4,500 participants over a period of 13 years. The researchers showed that people who followed the concept of the DASH diet had a significantly lower risk of heart disease. Those who strictly followed the DASH diet rule could almost halve their risk of heart disease. According to the researchers, this is better than any drug available. The results were recently presented in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

DASH diet is more effective than medication

"Only a few previous studies have examined the effects of the DASH diet on the frequency of heart failure," reports lead author Dr. med. Claudia L. Campos in a press release on the study results. This research has shown that following the DASH diet can reduce the risk of heart failure by almost half. "This is better than any other drug," emphasizes the doctor.

What is the DASH diet?

DASH is a nutritional concept that was specially developed for the prevention of heart diseases. DASH stands for the English expression "Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension". The diet focuses on eating fruits, vegetables, nuts, whole grains, poultry, fish, and low-fat dairy products.

Less heart disease through proper nutrition

The participants had to answer a questionnaire about their diet at regular intervals and were therefore divided into one of five groups. As it turned out after 13 years, the group that most closely adhered to the DASH principle had over 40 percent fewer incidents of heart failure than the group that was the farthest away from this nutritional concept.

You should better avoid these foods

While promoting healthy foods, unhealthy ones should be greatly reduced or omitted. According to the recommendations of the DASH diet, high salt consumption, red meat, sweets and sugary drinks are among the foods that are most associated with the development of heart disease. High-fat dairy products and alcohol should also be an exception in the diet according to the DASH concept.

Heart failure is one of the most common health problems

"Heart failure is a common cause of hospitalization in older adults and is associated with significant healthcare costs," said Dr. Campos. It is therefore an important public health goal to identify changeable risk factors for heart failure and other heart diseases. Based on the extraordinary results of this observational study, a clinical study will now be carried out to check whether the DASH diet can be used specifically to prevent heart diseases.

All in all, the DASH diet is a particularly promising diet approach because it has positive effects not only in terms of heart health. Previous studies have shown that the DASH diet also reduces the risk of cancer and significantly increases life expectancy. The preventive effect against heart diseases that has now been determined is therefore only one of many scientifically proven advantages of the DASH diet. (Vb)

Author and source information

Video: High Blood Pressure Hypertension and Its Management (December 2022).