Mescaline is a substance found in the peyote cactus, as well as in the cacti of the genus Echinopsis. Many other cactus plants contain the drug in very low concentrations. Louis Lewin extracted alkaloids containing mescaline from the peyote cactus, and in 1896 Arthur Heffter isolated pure peyote mescaline.
The City BKK was a German company health insurance fund, which was closed in 2011 as the first insolvent fund since the health fund was founded. It was founded in 2004 by BKK Hamburg and BKK Berlin. A special feature of City BKK was the additional income-independent contribution of 15 euros, which was introduced in 2010 and increased in 2011.
ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ Smoking means inhaling smoke that is mostly tobacco and that arises from burning (for example, cigarettes, cigars or pipes). You can only “puff” instead of inhale. While smoking was accepted in the past and allowed (almost) everywhere, today a more health-conscious attitude towards smoking has become established.
ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZThe term "alternative practitioner" is a professional title protected in Germany by the alternative practitioner law. The holistic approach, which always tries to take into account all aspects of the human being, is characteristic of the way a naturopath works. Accordingly, on average, treatment takes significantly longer than conventional medical treatment.
Ticks are widespread, blood-sucking parasites of the mite group and are important carriers of the disease worldwide. In addition to the risk of TBE infection (early summer meningoencephalitis) due to tick bites, mainly in southern Germany, arachnids can also transmit other diseases such as Lyme disease.
The term foreign pension refers to the pension payments received abroad. The majority of the benefits paid by Deutsche Rentenversicherung in this way (around 86 percent) are aimed at foreign nationals who have mostly returned to their home country after being temporarily employed and paid into the German health insurance fund.
The terms lack of doctors and flood of doctors describe a discrepancy between medical supply and demand - the former is an undersupply by medical professionals. In Germany, there is a shortage of doctors, particularly in rural areas, although this is sometimes only referred to as a geographical unequal distribution.
The abbreviation "PKV" is generally understood to mean private health insurance. This can also be taken out in addition to the statutory health insurance (for additional benefits) or - for employees whose income is above the annual salary limit (JAEG), the self-employed and civil servants - is chosen instead of the statutory insurance.
ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ Life expectancy is the average amount of time a person has to die. This is based on mortality tables on the basis of which the calculation is made. In Germany, the value of life expectancy for men and women has risen steadily, which is mainly due to improved medical care in older age.
ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZChildren are generally called young people until they reach puberty, after which one speaks mostly of adolescents. Before the actual childhood (second to fourteenth year of life) lies the infancy (first year of life). This is not only opposed to the biological development phases, but also legal definitions.
Sport generally refers to the exercise of physical activity, whereby, depending on the definition, mental activity is also regarded as sport (for example chess). There are individual and group sports, such as boxing or soccer. Regular exercise promotes fitness and prevents cardiovascular diseases.
ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ Since 2015 there has been an income-related additional contribution from the statutory health insurance companies. Since 2019, the employer - like the German pension fund for pensioners - has also paid half of the amounts here, with no additional upper limit. One of the reasons for introducing the additional contributions was to achieve greater competition among the statutory health insurance funds.
Acrylamide is formed when foods containing starch are exposed to high temperatures, for example when frying french fries. According to the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), acrylamide in food potentially increases the risk of cancer for consumers of all ages. The process relevant for the emergence is called the Maillard reaction and is also responsible for the browning and the associated roasting aromas.
Sleep is the state of rest and regeneration. A basic distinction is made between REM sleep (Rapid Eye Movement) and NREM sleep (Non Rapid Eye Movement). When we fall asleep (NREM sleep), the pulse and respiratory rate decrease and brain activity changes. In the REM sleep phases we dream more intensely, the characteristic eye movements can often be observed here in the sleeper.
Hartz IV is colloquially referred to as unemployment benefit II, the so-called basic service. It is a social benefit according to the second social code and is intended to enable working recipients to live a “decent” life. The agency responsible for the service is the Federal Employment Agency and the municipalities as municipal agencies.
Book review "The other half of the cure" The evolutionary psychologist Leander Steinkopf published with "The other half of the cure: Why we need care to get really well" a book that is devoted to the care of the sick. He sees a problem with modern medicine in that it neglects “pastoral care”.
Mites belong to the genus arachnids. In mite science - also called acarology - around 50,000 different species are known. The mites relevant to humans are those which settle in their bodies or which can make the human body sick. The most important in brief: House dust mites are usually harmless to humans, but their excretions can cause allergies.
The number of insects in Germany has shrunk by around 80. If the insects and thus the basis of the food chain fail, the consequences would be catastrophic: the plants will die with them because bees, bumblebees or butterflies will no longer pollinate them. A world without insects? There would be no apples, no pears, no plums , most of the fruits and vegetables failed.
Dr. Andrea Flemmer: The best measures for home osteoarthritis means joint wear. This widespread disease affects eight million people in Germany alone. The older a person gets, the higher the risk: 70 percent of those over the age of 70 suffer from it, according to the author. Osteoarthritis does not always have to hurt, and, according to Flemmer, this has a lot to do with personal behavior.